By mid-2015, nearly a third of all UK doctors were female.
The UK’s male fertility rates have been falling, too.
In the UK, the average age of first appointment with male fertility medicine in the NHS was 35 years old, compared to 32 for women, according to the Royal College of Physicians.
But a 2017 report found that for all of the 20th century, the UK’s female fertility rate was about the same as that of the US, the United Kingdom’s largest country, but the rate for men had been falling steadily over the last two decades.
“The NHS is a very heterogeneous organisation, and the numbers are falling,” said John Loughlin, a GP and member of the Royal Society of General Practitioners.
“When you compare to the US where we have a much higher proportion of male fertility, it’s a very different story.
And for men, it is still very high.”
Loughline also thinks that it’s time to consider how male doctors may be treated differently in the future.
“There is a great need for more diversity in the profession, which means more people getting into the profession,” he said.
A recent report by the University of Glasgow, however, says that male fertility treatments in England have been decreasing over the past decade, although the UK may still be ahead of other European countries in terms of male doctors in medicine.
The report found a sharp decline in the number of male surgeons in England over the same period, from 807 to 479, and a further reduction in male doctors overall, from 11,632 to 8,827.
The decline in male surgeons also coincided with a significant drop in the proportion of female surgeons, with a drop of 1.7 percentage points from 12.5 per cent in 2014 to 12.4 per cent the following year.
Loughlin said it was important to remember that many female doctors are currently waiting for appointments, and that this may make it harder for them to get into a better practice environment.
“What the study found is that there is a lot of discrimination against women in medicine,” he added.
“It’s very important that we understand the barriers that are in place for female doctors and their ability to make it in the field, so that they can get to a place where they can make a real difference.”
Louglin said that in his experience, the number and quality of male infertility medicine referrals is very low.
“We need more women to come in and get referrals to male infertility treatment,” he explained.
“And then we need more of them to be in the same place where we see the biggest improvement in the numbers.”
The Royal College says it’s also concerned about the fact that male doctors are not being able to afford to get involved in the male contraception pill, which is a crucial part of male birth control, which can cost anywhere from £3,500 to up to £12,000.
Male doctors are often seen as the “good guys”, Loughlock said, but he believes that it is the female doctors who are more likely to use the pill.
“A lot of male physicians are really interested in the pill and what it does,” he pointed out.
“They are not interested in prescribing it to their patients.”
Female doctors may also be more willing to work on the pill because it’s often seen to be easier for them, Loughlidge said.
“Some of the female physicians are very, very interested in male contraception, and I think they are more willing than the male doctors to work in this area because of that,” he told The Independent.
“But that is something that is not really reflected in the statistics.”
But the Royal Association of Medical Education (RAME) is concerned that women are being put off the pill altogether by the fact the pill has been banned in England.
“The RMA has raised concerns about the lack of research and evidence on male contraception,” said RMA president and chief executive Sally McElroy.
“Although the pill was originally developed to treat a very serious form of male contraception and to provide the male contraceptive, it has now been restricted to treat men who are already using condoms.”
McElroy said that it was “very concerning” that some female doctors were being denied access to male contraception.
“Female doctors are generally more involved in providing advice and counselling to patients, so I think it’s particularly concerning that some women are not getting access to this kind of contraception, even though it may be the right thing to do,” she added.
As a result of the pill ban, many male doctors have had to shift their focus from male contraception to female contraception, which may be harder for some male doctors, who might have been reluctant to give up their traditional role as male physicians.
Rachael Williams, a health policy consultant, told The Telegraph that while female